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Saturday, 20 December 2008

Free Ebook for Download : Building Grammar Skills for TOEFL

Table of Content

Grammar Point 1 Parts of the sentece

Grammar Point 2 "There is" vs "to have"

Grammar Point 3 Using modals verbs to make request

Grammar Point 4 introduction to prepositions

Grammar Point 5 Preposition of place

Grammar Point 6 Preposition of time

Grammar Point 7 Preposition of place and movement

Grammar Point 8 Various pairs

Grammar Point 9 Adjective

Grammar Point 10 Comparatives

Grammar Point 11 Order of adjectives

Grammar Point 12 Participle adjectives

Grammar Point 13 Words parts

Grammar Point 14 Adjective clauses

Grammar Point 15 Adjective clause reductions

Grammar Point 16 Equatives

Grammar Point 17 The superlatives

Grammar Point 18 Showing cause and effect with adjectives

Grammar Point 19 Verb tenses

Grammar Point 20 Regular verbs and link verbs

Grammar Point 21 Verbals gerunds and infinitives

Grammar Point 22 Causative verbs

Grammar Point 23 The passive Voice

Grammar Point 24 More participles as subjects and objects

Grammar Point 25 Adjective plus infinitives

Grammar Point 26 Modal auxiliary verbs

Grammar Point 27 Modal for advice

Grammar Point 28 Modals for necessity

Grammar Point 29 Prohibition vs choive

Grammar Point 30 Modal review

and more. Total grammar points are 61. for details this ebook can be downloaded here : Buiding_Grammar_Skills_for_TOEFL_IBT.pdf.

Thursday, 11 December 2008

Benefits of Learning English through Online English Courses

The English language has become a global phenomenon. Since it is the predominant language of the world, it is becoming increasingly imperative to understand, speak, and communicate in English fluently. The impact that the English language has had around the world has reached beyond communication and now shapes the values, beliefs, and ideas of many social, economic, or political philosophies and programs.

It is estimated that approximately 100,000 students come to the United States every year to learn English. Although the reasons vary that people desire to learn the English language, it is clear that English provides a wealth of economic activities that may not otherwise be possible. Many younger people understand that English is required if they want to succeed in the workforce. This one factor can help them if they will be dealing with International clients or desire to get a better job in their native country. Other people simply enjoy the concept of learning a new language and experiencing a different culture. Taking an English course is one of the first steps to mastering the English language. The following paragraphs will outline the benefits of learning English and the culture through online classes.

Although many colleges and universities offer ESL (English as a Second Language), it often requires the individual to obtain a student visa, apply and attend the university as a full-time student, not receive credit for the ESL coursework, live in a country where the culture and language are not familiar to them, and incur substantial fees related to the courses and living expenses.

Unlike other ways that are available, learning English online allows students the opportunity to comprehend and learn to speak the language at their own pace. If there is a particular section that is difficult, the student will be able to review the information without feeling the pressure of an upcoming exam. On the other hand, if something comes very naturally to them they can progress to the next stages of learning the English language.

Online English courses allow the same benefits as quality, well-taught traditional classroom methods. However, the costs of online English classes are kept to a minimum as the student can remain in his/her own country until they feel comfortable conversing in English. This reduces costs associated with relocating to another country and additional living expenses. Additionally, online English courses enable the student to continue with their daily lives (i.e. work, school, family, and social activities).

The final benefit of learning English through an Online English course is that you have a larger selection of courses and are able to select the curriculum that fits your learning style. When choosing to learn English online, the student is no longer limited to geographical preferences or being accepted into a major college or university. Furthermore, when choosing among Online English curriculum, you can decide what aspects you may find most valuable/interesting. Some of the attention-grabbing and valuable topics may include: places to visit, American Presidents, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), expressions and slang, English for children, American cuisine, and movies.

Being able to communicate in English has been proven beneficial for many people regardless of what profession or country they chose to live in. Understanding the concepts above will help you realize the value of online English courses as compared to traditional classroom methods of learning English.

Source: Abrahamson, Ph.D.

Tuesday, 9 December 2008

Do you want to learn a new language?

Learning a new language can be an enriching process that extends to your business life as well as your personal life. Whether you are trying to learn English as a second language or you are an English speaker looking to expand your communication skills with Spanish or French, you have many options available to help you achieve the results you want. What everyone wants to know is HOW to learn a new language.

Total immersion is the leading technique in language education. Total immersion is a method of surrounding people with a particular language so that an involuntary absorption of the language takes place. Teachers at all levels of education will recommend immersive visits to other cultures, but there are many options for you to learn a new language without traveling. Consider using online language learning tools to help you out. Online language learning tools range from simple translation dictionaries to interactive chats, verbal and textual. Many online translators are free, so consider finding a few to compliment your hard copy of a translation dictionary.

Browse blogs to find people who want to learn your language but only speak the language that you want to learn; mutually beneficial relationships like this will motivate you to keep learning as well as facilitate your education. A growing phenomenon in the language learning industry is quality educational software. Popular software products typically contain detailed flash cards that help you correlate images with new terms. Between the vocabulary builders and professional explanations of foreign grammar, software products are nearly indispensable if you are trying to learn a language without a teacher or tutor. A good software package will include audio for you to listen to while you do other activities listen to foreign conversation while driving, cleaning, or during your downtime to really boost your productivity. Talk to multi-lingual people to get an understanding and respect for their talent. It will motivate you to keep learning and very likely score you some advice.

Helpful language materials can come naturally: Foreign books are easy to obtain, especially if you make some foreign friends, and foreign TV can promote your total immersion as well as your enjoyment of a new language. Something as simple as popular foreign music can boost your comprehension. Someday you'll be watching movies that were never accessible to you before!

Author Profile: Stebee

When all is said and done the most effective way to learn a new language is to buy a tried and tested language learning software package

Saturday, 6 December 2008

Tips To Learn English

Do you have any plan to pursue your further education abroad? Will you need English for your career or your education? If so, you may wish to investigate your options for learning, or improving, your English skills.

The TOEFL Test: TOEFL (Test Of English as a Foreign Language) is a test used by many colleges, universities, government agencies and exchange and scholarship programs in the US, UK and Canada as a means of evaluating the language skills of a person whose first language is not English.

You can find TOEFL study guides easily online with other recommended resources listed. You may be able to access some of the sample tests and prepare with personal study. Or you may look for a class with an instructor to help you prepare for the test.

ESL Classes: ESL classes are a common means for students to learn English with group of classmates. These can be in the form of an evening class with various individuals attending or may be part of a college program during the day.

The course length and the topics covered will differ from country to country and school to school. Some summer programs are geared for international students to gain a basic grasp of the language before starting studies in English taught classes of the college or university.

Since the standards of passing a course, or the course material itself, will vary drastically, some students may feel that the language skills gained upon completing the course does not equip them to handle school work or social interactions adequately.

Some schools offer students and alternative of home-stay programs for students. Home-stay programs benefit the student by placing them for several weeks or months with a host family that speaks English. The student is then able to immerse him or herself in the culture and social speaking of the English country they are living in. There are also online ESL programs that may be suitable for distance education, especially if programs are not readily available in your area.

Private Tutors: Another popular method of learning English is with private tutors. The materials and methods used by ESL tutors will vary greatly and it is important to establish what material will be used and to feel comfortable with the tutor. Asking friends or other students for references can be helpful in finding a good tutor.

A combination of these English learning methods will be effective as well. You can take a summer course while staying with a home-stay host family and then arranging for private tutoring during the school year. Making an effort to use your new language skills regularly in social situations will improve your progress regardless of the program or course you are using.

George Williams maintains many translator websites, including Free Translator, French Translator ,and Japanese Translator.

How to Learn English Like a Native English Speaker

When young English children start school, they start off in beginning English classes. At this point they can speak the language and do make mistakes in pronouncing many words. They cannot, however, write the language. This is what you need to consider when you want to know how to learn English. Adult learners often have a hard time starting off with simple lessons and feel that they are missing out on something. You have to start at the beginning because in this regard you are like a child just learning the language.

Most adults are very fearful when they start learning English. They are afraid that they will make mistakes when they speak and write. Making mistakes is a part of learning so when you do make mistakes and someone corrects you, they are doing you a favour and helping you learn. It takes a lot of practice to learn English well and part of that learning process is making mistakes.

Whether or not you are attending school to help you learn English there are many other resources you can use on your own to aid your learning. This includes taking a free online English course where you have access to numerous resources. Lessons are available for all stages of learning and provide you with instruction, practice exercises and quizzes.

Listening is an essential aspect of learning any new language. You have to be able to hear native speakers so that you learn how to pronounce the words correctly. Even if you get listening exercises in class, listening to passages and conversations being read in the online courses gives you more exposure to the language. This is especially true if you are taking English lessons in your home country. By using the resources available online you increase your exposure to the language outside of class.

Online English lessons are free for anyone to use all over the world. Therefore, you can stay at home and learn English in this manner without the expense of travelling to an English speaking country. The best way to learn English is to immerse yourself in the language and you can do this through an online course. Read books and listen to conversations. Record yourself reading the same text and compare how well you are doing. It won’t be long before you are able to read along just as well as the native speaker in the course.

Set a schedule for your study routine and stick to it. Each of your study sessions should include the four aspects of the language ?listening, speaking, reading and writing. This helps to vary the routine so that you are not always doing the same thing. If, for example, you set aside one hour a day for learning English you can devote 15 minutes to each of these aspects of the language. Don’t overlook games when learning English because these can really help you increase your vocabulary. Listening to English songs is another way of learning the language, especially if you start off with music for children where all the words are pronounced clearly.

Although you will have access to English books on the site you choose, you can also order books in English from many online sites. Start with children books to help you increase your knowledge of the language because these books have pictures as well as words and this will enhance your comprehension of the text.

You can find the answer to the question how to learn English at visit This site is a great place to learn English for freelearn the English language.
and offers lots of ways to

This article is free for republishing

Monday, 1 December 2008

Best Way to Learn English Online

With the many Internet sites offering free instruction in English, there is a world of opportunity to help you learn English on line. You can browse the sites to find the one that is best for you or use several sites in combination with each other to take full advantage of all the possibilities. You do have to start off by learning the English alphabet and the sounds associated with each letter. This is how English speaking children start their learning. Once you know the alphabet, then you can start combining letters and sounds to make words and sentences.

Many of the on line sites for learning English assume that you already have this knowledge. You do need to look for one that offers this basic instruction before you move into lessons about grammar. It is essential in your search for an online English learning site that you choose a site that has listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction. These four aspects of the language work together and help you become fluent in the language.

There are on line sites designed for children as well as adults. Even the adult sites contain games to enhance the learning and the importance of playing games should not be overlooked. They make learning fun and while playing the games you do gain very important information about English vocabulary and word usage. Songs, too, are important. Music is a universal language and once you find a catchy tune and learn the words, you will find yourself singing this song while you are engaged in some other activity in your daily life.

Listen to English speakers as much as possible. This means watching television in English that has subtitles, so that you can understand what the characters are saying. Listening exercise offered on the on line site are very beneficial in that they give you an opportunity to listen to native English speakers. In this way you get the proper pronunciation of the words and you can practice any words with which you are having difficulty.

When you take online lessons, you can set your own schedule. You can review the lessons as often as you need to and take and retake the quizzes until you feel comfortable that you know the concept inside out. With learning any language, the important thing is that you learn to think in that language. At first you will find yourself translating the English into your own language, but as you proceed in your lessons this will start to decrease and you will find yourself thinking in English more and more.

In order to study at a college or university in an English speaking country, you will have to write an essay and pass the TOEIC or TOEFL exam. When you take an online course, you will get help with both of these and be able to succeed in your endeavours. For help with the exams, for example, there are practice tests and you get your score right away so that you can go back and review the questions you got wrong.

If you want to learn English online you should visit the best site for English learning and online English courses.

Friday, 28 November 2008

5 Ways on How to Prepare for a Construction Job Interview

Preparing for a job interview is just like when you’re going to your own ball: you have to look ready, well dresseds and groomed, and more than eager to begin the challenge.

However, the feeling of going through a very rigorous process of the construction recruitment department can sometimes be overwhelming that, in the end, you end up not fit for what could have been the ultimate job for you.

Here are 5 techniques on how to come prepared during your construction job interview:

1. Make sure that you know what you are applying for. There are plenty of construction industry jobs in Basel, for example, that are available, and you have to pick the ones that you think you are qualified for. For example, if you have been fixing pipes for a very long time, or you’ve earned your own home construction certificate or degree, you can be one of the plumbers. When your chosen position fits your experience and your education, you have better chances of getting hired for Basel jobs.

2. Study the company that you want to work with. You may have the experience and the education, but construction companies that offer jobs in Basel these days are more after for your contribution. You will never really know what you can possibly offer to them if you don’t study the company. You can read their vision and mission, as well as their products and services offered. You can then complement your knowledge and your expertise to what you’ve learned. Keep in mind that you can show your worthiness to them during your job interview.

3. Dress to kill. Regardless of the jobs, Basel construction companies still put more points on people who dress to impress. This isn’t done to show off. This is to show to them that you’re a respectable and professional person. Men can wear polo shirts and long pants, while women can don on long-sleeved blouses and black skirts. Don’t forget to look good during your job interview. People would want to work with those who are well groomed.

4. Bring the necessary papers with you. When you’re applying for any building jobs, Basel companies specializing in construction will be an easy entry if you can bring all your requirements with you. These may include your resume, cover letter, professional ID photos, transcripts of records, or certificates that will tell of your experience and your expertise. They may come in handy when the general manager suddenly forgets his own copy of your application letter, when you’re hired on the spot, or when you need to back up your claims.

5. Answer questions honestly. Honesty is and will always be the best policy. Rather than putting your best foot forward, make sure that you can be candid, upfront, and sincere with your answers. Keep in mind that builder jobs in Basel are no joke, and these companies are definitely looking for someone who can handle a number of people, manage projects effectively, and coordinate with the management. You might as well make sure that you’re more than prepared to conquer all the challenges of Basel jobs through your honest answers.

You think you’re ready for that interview for one of the posted jobs Basel? Find out if you have what it takes by checking out Basel Jobs.

Article source :

Wednesday, 26 November 2008

Learning A Foreign Language Will Open A Window To The World

If you've ever had the urge to travel around the world, visiting exotic places, and ordering authentic local cuisine, then you've probably considered the fact that it might help if you were able to speak the language. Even if only to read the menu at your favorite French Bistro or Italian Restaurant, it is amazing how much more of the menu you will understand simply by learning a few key phrases in a foreign language.

Learning a new language is almost always a thrilling prospect, even better when you can learn a new language for free. In fact, at this price why on earth would anyone stop at just one language? Many of these online language programs are not intended to work as a sole source of language education, but when used in conjunction with other language learning programs can produce amazing results.

If you use the flash cards and matching games that are available on this site, you will be speaking your new language like a native in no time, better yet, you will understand it like a native as well. Have you ever envied those that speak several languages with as much familiarity as their own mother tongues? Be jealous no longer. Apply these lessons, study diligently and you will notice a significant improvement in your vocabulary.

Learn an Arabic language conversation free with lessons online. In fact, learn a few. Take a look at the free online "Learn Spanish Video" and see how many new words you can learn in a short period of time. Take lessons with a friend and have competitions to see who has learned the most new words. Playing games is a great way to learn and still have fun being competitive with one another.

Remember though that the overall goal is learning a new language. Whether your goals are Russian, Hungarian, English, French, or some obscure tribal language on the moon, you might be surprised at the selection available. You can even use this program to help you avoid the syntax errors in English second language learners. This will make an incredible difference in how you are accepted globally as well as corporately.

There are several sites out there that deal with teaching a foreign language and you're bound to find something suitable for your needs even after a few minutes of electronic surfing. Although most will focus on popular languages such as English, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Italian or Portuguese, other "smaller" languages are not left out in the cold either. Regardless of what language you're aiming for, chances are that you can find a site that covers it and offers some learning courses for it.

Source: Free Articles

Increase your foreign language vocabulary at by playing online games. The site contains thousands of lessons in different languages from English, Spanish, French, Russian to Hindi, Turkish, Ukrainian and many others.

Monday, 24 November 2008

Taking On TOEFL : IELTS The Uphill Challenge

For years, students from around the world have needed two things to be admitted and enroll at American colleges: a visa and an acceptable TOEFL score.

Now TOEFL is also getting competition, and the competition has set off debates at American colleges over the best way to measure students’ English competency, the obligations of American colleges to students from the poorest parts of the world, and the changing nature of international recruiting.

TOEFL and IELTS are now the two major non-native applicants’ examinations for testing English Language capabilities. IELTS is administered by International English Language Testing Service, whereas TOEFL distributed as the Test of English as a Foreign Language. Both the tests are taken for similar purposes, but stand poles apart.

IELTS has long been the dominant test for students from non-English speaking countries seeking to enroll in English-speaking nations of the British Commonwealth. But in the last three years, IELTS has quietly become a force in the United States as well, where the number of colleges accepting IELTS on equal footing with TOEFL has doubled, to more than 800.

“These two are really going head to head, and that’s going to benefit the consumer,” said Julia Funaki, associate director of international education services at the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers.

The applicants of both these tests TOEFL and IELTS are in constant debate with respect to identifying, which test is best amongst the two and which test is easier. The major similarities between TOEFL and IELTS are that both test the listening, writing and reading skills of the applicant. The IELTS has one additional element speaking, whereas TOEFL tests the written phrase from viewpoint of error recognition and the sentence completion.

While partisans of the two tests point to their differences, they actually have a lot in common. Both are “four skills” exams (reading, writing, listening, speaking). Both are offered all over the world. In terms of language, IELTS tests “international English,” and passages in the test are intentionally a mix of styles of what might be used at universities in Australia, Britain, Canada and the United States.

The most notable difference in the tests may be the way speaking is judged. IELTS uses a live, face-to-face interview with the test taker, while ETS has students taking the TOEFL speak into a microphone for analysis by a panel of test reviewers later.

“Live, face-to-face speaking is more authentic,” said Beryl Meiron, executive director of IELTS International, the United States branch of the organization. She noted that examiners must undergo extensive training and that years of using the system have enabled the organization to be certain that grading is appropriately rigorous.

“You really need to be able to manipulate the language well to do well on our test,” Meiron said.

IELTS is considered to be more difficult than TOEFL by the applicants owing to the speaking module. The speaking module of IELTS necessitates the applicants to take part in an official interview facing an examiner.

In spite of a status of US residency, TOEFL examination has to be given by every student having secondary schooling outside the country of United States, where the principal language is not English. Taking this fact into consideration, the Enoch Olinga College (ENOCIS) has launched a Basic English program for the Spanish speaking applicants. ENOCIS’ new education strategy has received such a resounding acceptance from students of Latin America that the Enoch Olinga College found it necessary to establish representatives for admissions in more than 20 countries of Caribbean and Latin America. This ENOCIS step aims to increase student satisfaction by providing more personal attention.

Dissimilarities between TOEFL and IELTS:

The major difference between the TOEFL and IELTS are listed below:

• IELTS makes use of band scores based on the band scales, with every band equating a varied English aptitude. The IELTS band scores are in terms of whole or the half bands and are given equated to every one of the 4 skill modules. These are later averaged into one band score of IELTS. The band score of IELTS is based on 0 to 9 scale. 9 score is given to an expert applicant, whereas 0 is bestowed upon the applicant filling out the form and not attempting the examination.

• TOEFL on the other hand delegates numerical scores similar to an SAT test, for every skill area. Later, it calculates the grand total, the end result arrived at defines the English proficiency level of an applicant.

• TOEFL incorporates both the computer and pencil version of testing, out of which computer based testing (CBT) is available on few test sites. IELTS on the other hand is still in the process of creating computerized version of the test. As of now, IELTS doesn’t use computer testing and that makes the non speaking testing to aspect of the exam weaker than TOEFL, since it is very hard to accurately test language skills without technological support.

Carol Lynch, the former graduate dean at the University of Colorado at Boulder and now a senior scholar at the Council of Graduate Schools, said that she followed the development of the TOEFL speaking test as an advisory board member for that test. She said the TOEFL speaking test is more comprehensive and consistent, which is vital for a speaking test to be reliable. The speaking test is a new addition to TOEFL, and Lynch called it a “wonderful addition,” designed very specifically to meet the demands of college admissions officers.

ENOCIS Aids in Comprehensive TOEFL Preparation:

The preparatory program of ENOCIS for the TOEFL applicants includes chat rooms, in order to practice the basic skills of English language, a pre-examination program of TOEFL and preparatory programs of English language are being designed in Chinese and Vietnamese. ENOCIS strives to equip students with lifelong leadership and learning skills through basic language preparation. The academic programs of ENOCIS can be accessed throughout the world at convenience. ENOCIS has created a set of English preparatory lessons, in order to assist the students in preparing the TOEFL examination.

Exchangeability of TOEFL and IELTS:

Previously foreign students to be admitted into Western Universities had to compulsorily pass the TOEFL test, in order to get numerical ratings of English language proficiency. Applicants or non-native learners seeking admission for the UK, Canada and Australian universities were required to successfully pass the IELTS test. Now sizable numbers of American universities are also accepting the band scores of IELTS, for judging the applicants of English language abilities. TOEFL and IELTS have now become interchangeable over the last few years. The main reason behind this can be IELTS gaining a more respected and steady status of examination, owing to its structure considered to be more difficult than TOEFL.

Robert Watkins, assistant director of admissions for graduate and international admissions at the University of Texas at Austin, said that there has been a “perception issue” on TOEFL’s cost because it did not have differential pricing. Watkins is a member of TOEFL’s advisory board and believes his university probably receives more TOEFL score reports than any other institution. He thinks TOEFL is a “slightly better” test, but Texas started accepting IELTS scores two years ago — after the university conducted extensive tests on IELTS. “We think it’s a good test,” he said.

Cost comparisons are not as easy to make as one would think. Both testing entities claim that their test is less expensive, said Mari Pearlman, senior vice president of the higher education division at ETS .. Before TOEFL went to differential testing, it was still less expensive on average than IELTS. The issue is important because a price difference of $20 — which might seem like small change in the context of college costs in the United States — is a huge sum to a student in a developing nation trying to figure out if she will be able to gain admission to an American college.

IELTS posts its prices in local currency while TOEFL prices are posted in U.S. dollars. Converting IELTS fees to TOEFL prices in developing nations finds many where prices are within $10, but where IELTS had an edge until TOELF introduced differential pricing. In many developing nations.

Watkins and others said that a big part of the context for the growing IELTS interest is the changing nature of competition for international students. Post-9/11, many American universities struggled to maintain their international enrollment levels as visa regulations became more strict at the same time that many other countries’ universities — some of them in IELTS strongholds — started to step up recruitment of the best foreign talent.

As the the Enoch Olinga College (ENOCIS) is designed to professionally and efficiently address the needs of the underserved peoples of the world, the college looks favorably upon the newly competitive flexible pricing structure which puts education within the financial capability of students whom otherwise might not have the opportunity to be educated to their fullest ability.

David W Morris is an international development specialist with The Enoch Olinga College (ENOCIS) and author of several publications on socio economic development. David is a regular contributor to online article sites on the topics of on line education, underserved peoples, scholarship and educational excellence, continuing education programs and on line TOEFL and language development. David W Morris is also a successful online adviser of ranking blog site
Published At:

Wednesday, 19 November 2008

Free Ebook for Download : Getting Ready for the TOEIC Test

EBook Contains:

I. Overview of the TOEIC

TOEIC is an acronym that stands for the Test of English for International Communication.. It was developed by Educational Testing Service (ETS) of Princeton, New Jersey, a non profit organization that administers other examinations such us TOEFL and GRE. The TOEIC test is an English language proficiency test for people whose first language is not English. It is specifically designed for the Assessment of English as it is used in the global workplace, with over 1.5 million tests administered each year.

II. Tips for taking multiple-choice test

Effective test-taking strategies are especially important with multiple-choice questions found on language test such us the TOEFL and TOEIC. These types of questions often include clues that may help you identify the correct answer. You may be able to improve your performance on such test bay considering the following tips.

III. Improving your listening comprehension

The ability to listen well gives you confidence in communication. You can only talk sensibly when you can understand what is said to you. Failing that, you may miss important information presented to you, or respond in unintended way. Listening in everyday life is real-time skill. Unlike reading, you often don’t have the chance to adjust the pace of speech, listen again, or check an unknown word. The need to understand what you hear on the spot makes it even more crucial that you develop the ability to listen well. The TOEIC test is an excellent measure of just how far advanced your listening ability.

IV. Tips for part I-photographs

This part of the TOEIC test contains twenty questions with four answer choice for each one. In the part I of the TOEIC test writers will use the following tricks to try to confuse you and make the selection of the correct answer more difficult.

V. The importance of learning phrasal verbs

The term “phrasal verb” refers to a verb + preposition structure and is sometimes called a two-word verb or three-word verb. A phrasal verb has a special meaning that is different from the meaning of the individual words that it is composed of.

VI. How to study vocabulary for the TOEIC Test

The following are some useful techniques examinees can use for expanding their TOEIC-related vocabulary base. Vocabulary learning tips :

1. Red, read, read

2. Improve your context skills

3. Practice, practice, practice

4. More ……

VII. How to read faster

Read more efficiently by reading intelligently!

Strategy 1: Know what you want to know

Strategy 2: Use speed-reading techniques

Strategy 3: Active reading

Strategy 4: How to study different sorts of material

Strategy 5: Using glossaries with technical documents

For more detail you can download in here: Getting Ready for the TOEIC Test.pdf

How to Score High on English TOEIC, TOEFL, IELTS, Cambridge Tests

Score HIGH on NEW English Tests

Why international students fail English tests

Students fail because they do not understand the test requirements.

Students fail because they underestimate the large volume of work necessary to pass.

Students fail because they have limited English vocabulary.

Students fail because some English skills are not practiced.

Students fail because they rely on "secret tips" rather than real skill.

Students fail because they cram for tests and become confused.

Students fail because they become upset and cannot perform.

How international students can SCORE HIGH on NEW English tests.

First step in your plan to score high on a specific English test is to understand the test requirements. Is the test a written test only? Do you have to read a text? Do you have to listen to a conversation on tape? How much speaking is required? What type of questions will be asked? What type of answers are required? Students must understand how the English information is presented, what English skills are being tested, and how answers must be submitted.

Second step is to understand the volume of advanced English skills and vocabulary required to score high on these tests. Students must have studied and practiced English for 2500 to 5000 hours counting school classes and self study.

Students require a vocabulary of between 8,000 and 15,000 words to score high on the new TOEFL, TOEIC, AP, IELTS and Cambridge tests.

To score high students require all four English skills (reading, writing, speaking, listening), technical language structure knowledge (grammar) and the application of the grammar knowledge in the active productions of speaking and writing.

The "secret tips" of using specific words that have a higher percentage of occurrence in the correct answers may give you the opportunity to raise your score from 0 to 1 %. If your vocabulary is less than 8000 words or your listening skills or writing less than advanced then you will still fail despite using all the "secret tips" or "secret vocabulary indicating correct answers".

Everyone knows that cramming helps memorizing facts for a short time but does very little for the practice of the application skills. All new English tests are a combination of facts and the application of English skills including technical grammar knowledge. Students who only cram for tests will fail most of the new tests as answers require the application of English grammar skills. The students who cram can only help some of their factual knowledge if they can remember it perfectly. I have never met a student who can remember crammed English facts correctly.

Students become upset when they read questions they cannot answer, questions they cannot understand, words they do not know the meaning of, or "secret words" that occur in two or more answers.

Remember students that are prepared have less chance of becoming upset. Students that are rested, relaxed and arrive on time at the test site will score higher on the tests.

What English Should I study to PASS English Tests?

Diagram showing the overlap between the English concentrations

There is only one English language.

There are a variety of programs and courses that overlap each other. Many business English courses cover 90% of what students require to pass the TOEIC exam. Many advanced English courses cover 90 % of what is required to pass TOEFL, TOEIC, AP, IELTS and other English tests.

Many Toeic, toefl, IELTS courses only provide practice tests without teaching any vocabulary the four English skills and applied grammar practice. Students must create a plan to increase all applied English skills, vocabulary and become comfortable with the test requirements and answer formats.

Students can take combinations of programs and still pass tests.

For example: Advanced students could take 100 hours of business English, 200 hours of academic preparation and 10 hours of toefl and score high on the new Toefl test . The only secret is to have a balance of applied English skills and factual knowledge. The following is an example of a balanced study program.


20% vocabulary

15% grammar comprehension

15% reading comprehension

15% listening comprehension

15% writing skills, short answer and essay

15% speaking skills

5% practicing test formats

Teaching Since 1974

To contact Author: Ross (at) eslincanada (dot) com

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The Next Step in TOEIC Preparation

The idea of focused training has entered the arena of the TOEIC Test. OnlineEnglish have captured the market by applying focused training techniques to business English language training with special concentration on preparation for the TOEIC test.

See your level - See where you need to learn - See your progress - See your Improvement - Know when your ready for the test. This is the motto of OnlineEnglish, but how?

Training on the website is unique and commences with a TOEIC estimate test. The test has been developed and tested over 3 years and is designed to analyze a person's English proficiency related to the TOEIC test. The results of the estimate test are shown graphically on what OnlineEnglish call "the performance monitor"

The performance monitor shows students a graph of their ability for each question type in the TOEIC test. From this information a student can see instantly where they need to improve. Students can then train and improve by completing hundreds of TOEIC exercises grouped understandably into question type categories. Naturally this focused training provides faster improvement results than just broad training techniques.

As students complete the exercises, they can always see their progress and moreover, they will be able to see an estimate of their improvement. Completion of the estimate test after a period of training will show the student what score they could possibly get the in real TOEIC Test, so they know when they have a good chance of getting the score they need.

Naturally, geared for the TOEIC, the website also offers many tips and gives advice not only on the questions and how a person is being tested, but also what to expect when attending a test sitting and what to expect in respect to general administration.

But there is much more to TOEIC and business English than just repeatedly completing TOEIC questions, something that many have forgotten. For this reason, at OnlineEnglish students will find a comprehensive English grammar and vocabulary area. This area supports training and helps participants develop their Basic English skills.

But what is the use of knowledge if a person cannot use the language? Language use comes from practice and OnlineEnglish have recognized this as well. Students will find additional exercise areas developed to improve listening comprehension; the identification of information in talks, discussions and conversations, including exercises for speaking and pronunciation.

The most recent addition to these supplementary training areas is the addition of a very unique sentence practice exercise. Students can copy and paste texts from newspapers and magazines into the exercise and it will automatically create a challenging missing word exercise, allowing the student to further improve vocabulary, grammar and sentence structure.

With all these unique features, one may feel that nothing else can be added, but for OnlineEnglish it doesn't stop. "One must appreciate the times and pressures of the test as well as what is expected. One must have the opportunity to plan their test approach and not be disadvantaged for a true measurement of English level to occur" says the creator of OnlineEnglish.

For this reason, students will also find a full 2 hour simulated TOEIC test that they can complete. The test is based upon the real test and really gives students "the feel" they need to overcome any disadvantages.

The story goes on because the training website is far from passive as every student will get the support privately by email from a qualified TOEIC trainer and authorized TOEIC administrator.

To finalize our look at this unique TOEIC training and preparation area, students will receive weekly emails with information, examples, interesting comments and homework.

Continually updated, OnlineEnglish put the true meaning back into the word TOEIC Preparation.

Saturday, 15 November 2008

Why I Like the English Language

I really like the English language. I've been speaking it all my life, but it's not until I became an English teacher, teaching English as a foreign language, that I really started to understand how it functions and to appreciate both its richness and its versatility.

I believe that, at an elementary level, English is easier to learn than some other languages. A beginner can form good basic sentences without knowing a lot of complex grammatical forms. English verbs don't have many different endings to memorize before one can express the simplest of thoughts.

Another strong point is that English does not, as a rule, have masculine and feminine nouns and there are no changing forms for adjectives to slow a learner down. For instance, in French you must memorize a number of verb endings and match adjectives to nouns before you can verbalize even the simplest ideas, but a novice does not need to study English for long before being able to construct good basic sentences.

English has a mix of vocabulary with Germanic roots and vocabulary with Latin or French roots, allowing speakers of numerous European languages to recognize and understand many English words. Although sometimes the meanings are no longer the same in the two languages, they are often still similar enough to serve as an aid to comprehension and to help a learner get the gist of texts.

Once English learners have reached a more advanced level, they become exposed to additional structures that reveal some unexpected complexities in the language. For example, the uses of the present perfect tense can be quite confusing. On the other hand, English verb forms allow for a wonderful element of subjectivity and point of view in expressing attitudes towards events. Consider "I've just lost my glasses" and "I lost my glasses an hour ago." Both are fine, but your choice of one or the other reflects your attitude toward the situation. Do you want to emphasize the consequence of losing your glasses? If so, then choose the former, the present perfect tense. If you prefer to focus on when the glasses were lost, then use the latter, the past simple tense.

English can be wonderfully expressive. Because it has accumulated vocabulary from many different languages, there are far more words to choose from than some other languages offer. You can discuss a topic at length without ever repeating yourself or overusing a specific word. You can choose from an array of words with similar meanings to find the most perfect match in meaning and connotation to suit the thought that you want to express.

Sure, you can simply walk down the street, but you can also stroll, march, amble, trot, mosey, shuffle, skip, run, race, promenade, lope, slink, fly, zip, crawl, gallop, whiz, zoom, or careen down the street. A cursory glance reveals that the English section of my bilingual dictionary is considerably larger than the French portion. The enormity of English vocabulary allows for precision and economy of expression. Ideas and instructions can be concisely stated. When viewing multilingual signs and equipment usage manuals, the English version is frequently shorter than that of many other languages. To take a simple example, in French it takes four words, "sautez a cloche pied," to express what English does in just three letters: "hop."

English easily absorbs new words from other languages and cultures. Just think of "salsa," "smorgasbord," "taboo," "wampum," and "pajamas," for starters. When necessary, English also seems to revel in inventing entirely new lexicons of words, such as for new technologies like the Internet. Internet is full of colorful and amusing imagery from "the web" to "spidering" and "click on the mouse," let alone such silly sounding words as "googling," "blogging," and "WIKI." It is a riotously "living" language and this flexibility has helped English become such a widely used international language.

I also love English because colorful wordings and vivid imagery abound in both old and new expressions. I picture tall sailing ships and Errol Flynn films when I hear someone say, "She passed her exam with flying colors." Think of other expressions, too, such as "That makes my skin crawl," "It sent shivers up and down my spine," "He's got his head in the clouds," "She's full of get up and go," and "They're head over heels in love."

English even has a strong sense of whimsy, and so lends itself to delightful combinations of alliterative phrasings like "the whole kit and caboodle," or "footloose and fancy-free." It's also chock full of amusing words that are especially for children. Think of "choo-choo train," "puppy dog," "kitty cat," or "do the hokey pokey." Fun-loving authors have added to the festivities by feeling free to invent their own words, just for the pleasing sound of them, from Edward Lear's "Dong with the Luminous Nose" to Dr. Seuss's "Sneeches with stars on thars." J. K. Rowling has invented an entire vocabulary of her own to use in the magical world that she has created for Harry Potter. The so-called "language of Shakespeare" has contributed much literature and poetry to the world, plus other beautiful expressions of thoughts through the abstraction of words. As someone who writes stories for children, I'm also fond of simple jingles and fun forms such as Mother Goose rhymes.

Now that I'm an English teacher, I try to unlock many of the mysteries of the English language for students who have other languages as their mother tongues. In doing so, I've taken a much closer look at the language myself, in all of its complexities and inconsistencies, all of its rules and abundance of exceptions to its own rules, in its enormous vocabulary and subtleties in shades of meanings. Whenever possible, I try to give my students the logic behind the grammar, so that they can gain a deeper understanding of the thought processes behind our many ways of looking at time, rather than just have students randomly memorize rules.

To put English into perspective and make allowances for its many idiosyncracies, I try to briefly explain the history of English and the many historical influences that have affected it, from a series of early invasions of the British Isles, by people such as the Romans, Saxons, Vikings, and Normans, to later British Empire building around the world, and then to America's melting pot of cultures and languages from the world over. With each new group has come an infusion of new vocabulary. Some element of comprehension of that historical perspective can explain to students both the richness of expression and vocabulary that English possesses, plus the maddening inconsistencies in English spelling and pronunciation. I'm no authority on other languages and I'm not saying that English is the best language in the world but, as I've taught English to others over the years, my own appreciation of it has grown immeasurably and I've really come to love it.

About the Author/Author Bio

Barbara Freedman-De Vito is an American TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) certified English teacher who teaches live English classes over the Internet, via Skype. She also teaches English lessons by telephone and does face-to-face teaching in the Paris, France area. In addition, she creates amusing TEFL T-shirts and other clothing designs with a TEFL or other educational focus for English teachers and students around the world. Learn more at: TEFL T-Shirts, Clothing and Gifts, Plus Online English Lessons Article Source:

Friday, 14 November 2008

Ebook for Free Download : English as a global language

David Crystal, world authority on the English language, presents a lively and factual account of the rise of English as a global language and explores the whys and wherefores of the history, current status and future potential of English as the international language of communication. English has been lauded as the most ‘successful’ language ever, with 1,500 million speakers worldwide; but Crystal avoids taking sides and tells the story in a measured but engaging way, backed by facts and figures. This new edition of his classic book contains extra sections (on subjects including the linguistic features of New Englishes, the future of English asa world language, and the possibility of an English ‘family’ of languages), footnotes and a full bibliography. There are updates throughout. This is a book for anyone of any nationality concerned with English: teachers, students, language professionals, politicians, general readers and anyone with a love of the language.

DAVID CRYSTAL is one of the world’s foremost authorities on language. He is author of the hugely successful Cambridge encyclopedia of language (1987; second edition 1997), Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language (1995), Language death (2000), Language and the Internet (2001) and Shakespeare’s words (2002, with Ben Crystal). An internationally renowned writer, journal editor, lecturer and broadcaster, he received an OBE in 1995for his services to the study and teaching of the English language.....

For more details, download here

Monday, 10 November 2008

Learning Basic English Is Easy

English has become the international language of business and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Whether it’s a German project manager dealing with a French auto parts manufacturer or a Chinese software developer advising a Mexican medical center the intermediary language is English. So why exactly has English taken front stage when there are so many other languages spoken by a much greater number of people over much vaster regions?

The answer lies in the in the simplicity of the grammatical structure of the English language at its most basic level. Unlike most other languages English doesn’t use the genitive case for definitive articles. This means that every “thing” in English uses the pronoun “it” and the definite article “the”. In many other languages an object can be masculine, feminine or neutral and the gender of the object can affect the whole sentence. It can also change the endings of pronouns which can make learning the basics a little confusing. The same problems apply to adjectives, adverbs and then add pronunciation to the equation to top it off. And this is only dealing with European languages which stem from Latin, Greek and near eastern roots. When one looks Chinese, Japanese, Arabic etc. then one can appreciate the difficulty of learning even the most basic structures of these languages.

Of course, there are also political, historical and economical reasons for English being the most used language when it comes to modern business but the fact that it is easy to get a grasp of Basic English has to be the most appealing advantage for non native speakers of English. Ironically, it is communication between the native English speaker and the non-native English speaker that tends to create the most problems. The reason for this is the tendency of the native English speaker to slip into colloquial speech, slang, idiomatic language, speak too quickly or a simple matter of harsh regional accents. But when two or more non-native English speakers communicate in Basic English it usually works out fine because nobody is out to impress and the ultimate goal is to simply understand and respond at a simple level. This is not to say that English doesn’t have complexities, in fact at higher levels it can be just as difficult as any other language but as long as a learner uses the famous K.I.S.S. technique (Keep It Short And Simple) it is definitely the easiest language for global communication.

Nigel Nix has been teaching business English in Germany for 9 years. Learn English Quickly
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Tuesday, 4 November 2008

How to Easily Learn a New Language

Learning any new foreign language is a challenge. So how do you make it quick and easy? What is the best way for you to learn a new language? Well....

Foreign language

Countless foreign languages are spoken all over the world. Of course, the most commonly spoken language in the United States is English, with 82 per cent of the population speaking English as their native language. English is the common language of business and everyday life. Close behind English as the second most popular language in the United States is Spanish. Approximately 12 per cent of Americans speak Spanish as either their first or second language. However, on the whole, Americans do not speak enough foreign languages. Approximately 370 million people speak English as their native language; whereas, approximately 1.5 billion people all over the globe speak English as a second language. English speakers are focused in the business and tourism industries, so Americans can usually get by. But in an increasingly globalized world, learning to speak a foreign language can take your connections to a higher level.

The benefits of learning a foreign language

There are a lot of advantages to be gained by being able to read and converse in a foreign language, both practical and fun. From a more practical perspective, it is quite important to know how to deal with others in their own language so you can network with people from all over the world. From a more fun perspective, whole new cultural worlds are opened up to you when you learn a foreign language. After all, learning the foreign language that underpins a foreign culture is often the only way to truly experience what it is like to be a part of that culture.

It is obvious that learning a foreign language can be an amazing, and challenging, experience. The challenge is what makes it so much fun; you will get a real sense of accomplishment the first time you speak a whole sentence, the first time you read a newspaper in a foreign language, the first time you converse with a native speaker.

Learning a foreign language

The very best way to learn a foreign language is likely already not a possibility – start young. In order to be completely fluent, to treat the language like a native speaker would, it is usually important to learn the foreign language from a very early age, the younger the better. If this is no longer an option, you can still succeed with formal or even informal lessons. Some people have an amazing capacity to pick up foreign languages just by immersing themselves in the foreign culture. No matter what you do to learn a foreign language, the key is practice and repetition. Try to use the foreign language as much as possible and speak to native speakers of the foreign language as much as possible. Things will also be easier if you pick a foreign language that is related to a language you already know. If you know English, for example, you will be able pretty easily to pick up the general idea of a story in a French newspaper. If you look at a newspaper written in Thai, however, you would likely not even know where to begin – of course, for some people that just makes the challenge more fun!

Steve Dolan is a European who has travelled extensively across Europe and understands the value of languages. Find out how to learn a new language quickly and easily at Learn a Foreign Language and for Spanish try Learn Spanish

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